Monticolo is a hill situated in the middle of an alluvional plain bordering on the river Oglio on its south west side. It’s one of the most interesting natural environments of Valle Camonica for its geomorphology and for its typical vegetation.
On the hill there are small turphy basins one of which is still active. There are also ruins of prehistoric builts-up, several rocks engraved in ancient times and a lot of other marks that make it unique.
The Fresh Horns boulder area, on the right side of the Oglio River at the base of the Monticolo hill, belongs to a series of cult sites characterizing several locations of Camonica Valley during the Copper Age (3rd millennium BCE).
The boulder is a big, split block of sandstone fallen from the rocky slope behind it: in the midst of the vertical face stand out nine halberds engraved to form a composition, whence the name given to the boulder, “Rock of the halberds”. The weapons were drawn life-sized, their blades about 25-30 cm long.
The Luine archaeological area, on a high position over the town of Darfo B.T., has exposed not only numerous rock engravings, but also some likely remains of cult places, bottoms of huts and dry-stone walls, which could testify the presence of a “shrine” used by one or more prehistoric communities for group ceremonies.
At Luine one can see the ancient-most rock engravings of the Camunian cycle, dating back to the Mesolithic period, made perhaps by semi-nomadic hunters who utilized the valley as gaming territory at the end of the big glaciations
It is located at 380 m s.l.m., From the point of view of nature, the park is part of an environment characterized by the highest concentration of biodiversity in Europe; this condition is made possible by the presence of the Mediterranean climate of Iseo Lake and the Adamello glacier at a distance of only 48 km, which also favorably effects on local agro-food products, such as cheese, honey, wine and olive oil.
Furthermore, the area of Sorline, thanks to a special microclimate, vegetation grows in the Mediterranean, very different from that of the rest of Vallecamonica.